Readerʼs Analysis: Author, Purpose, Audience, and Meaning

Readerʼs Analysis: Author, Purpose, Audience, and Meaning

CRA Description : 
This assignment asks students to identify and analyze the audience, purpose, and message of persuasive texts and to analyze those texts in light of their rhetorical situations. Students will write a practice essay identifying and analyzing the audience, purpose, and message of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "A Letter from a Birmingham Jail" and then write an essay identifying and analyzing the audience, purpose, and message of a second persuasive text.
Subjects: 
Independent Study
English Language Arts
Key Concepts and Terms: 
Assumption
Audience
Claim (e.g., Main Claim, Supporting Claim)
Ethos
Logos
Message
Mood
Opposing Arguments
Pathos
Persuasion
Purpose
Refute/Refutation
Repetition
Rhetorical Situation
Sentence Structure
Style
Tone
Prior Knowledge: 
Students should be able to identify and analyze how language is used to create tone, mood, etc. Students should have a firm understanding of the meaning of the concept of rhetorical situation. Students should be able to identify and analyze persuasive strategies such as acknowledgement of the opposition's arguments, use of emotional appeal (pathos), use of appeal to writerʼs knowledge, good will, authority, or reputation (ethos), use of appeal to practical reasoning (logos). Students should have prior understanding of and practice in all parts of the writing process, including invention, drafting, revision, and proofreading. Students should be able to be active listeners and contributors to group discussions. Students should know how to offer constructive feedback on other studentsʼ drafts. Students should be comfortable using word processing software. Students should be knowledgeable about effective strategies for finding, evaluating, and using print and electronic sources, including databases and the Internet, for research.